New Evidence On Neanderthal Intelligence: Skilled Craftsmen And Weapons Builders

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The Neanderthal Man is a species of the Ominidi family that lived between 200,000 and 40,000 years ago. It represents one of the oldest men most related to the “Homo Sapiens.” According to a recent study, Neanderthals would have been able to make stone tools so complex that they would lead to the development of sophisticated construction techniques.

A group of archaeologists from the University of Tübingen, led by Berrin Çep and Benjamin Schürch, analysed a series of instruments, made by a community of Neanderthals, located in the Swabian Alps near the town of

By carefully rebuilding the tool fragments, the group discovered the complex processing techniques. The results obtained allow researchers to add a further piece to the Neanderthal skill (which may not be the closest species to modern man).

The study of the site from which the findings were taken, close to Heidenheim in southern Germany, although recognized of considerable scientific importance, has never been deepened, at least until today.

The researchers estimated the findings, in bone and stone, at the Paleolithic, attesting them to a period that goes between 50,000 and 42,000 years ago and, according to Schurch, “In this period, the modern human beings of our It was the end of the Neanderthals living at the Heidenschmiede.”

The processing of these tools has allowed to obtain blades, axes and tools for the most varied uses, including leather processing and hunting.

In relation to the processes analysed, which suggest far more sophisticated techniques than those found in the Paleolithic, Schürch states “On the basis of the reconstructions, we were able to demonstrate that the Neanderthals of Heidenschmiede used

This intricate process of processing also suggests a repeated use of the raw material and the same waste processing, which were further processed and refined and, in turn, denote a remarkable capacity for three-dimensional visualization, creativity and mentally flexible planning,” as stated

These conclusions allow us to demonstrate that the human species, settled in the area, had developed such sophisticated techniques due to a remarkable mnemonic capacity and spatial perception, allowing Neanderthals to be attributed, in addition to manual dexterity and craftsmanship, also a

And did you know that the cause of Neanderthal extinction could be in their blood?

Below we propose an exemplifying image of the instruments found, taken by researchers at the University of Tübingen.

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