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Space Laws Have Not Been Changed Since 1967 And Are A Problem

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There are not many regulations for space, and those that are there are currently have not been modified since 1967. Times change, technology evolves and changes… and space begins to become a goal for the future for many countries. For this reason, we feel the need to amend some rules.

Thus, on November 1, 2021, the First United Nations Committee adopted a resolution setting up an indeterminate working group for space. The group’s objectives are to assess current and future threats to space operations and determine when behaviour can be considered irresponsible.

Currently, space activities are “regulated” by the Treaty on extra-atmosphere space of 1967 ratified by 11 nations and negotiated during the Cold War. The main “amendment” of the Treaty states that the Moon and other celestial bodies must be used for peaceful purposes, while the second states that all those who conduct activities in space must do so “with due respect for the corresponding interests of all other States party to the Treaty

There is, however, a problem with this Treaty, since it does not prohibit the use of conventional weapons in space or the use of land weapons against resources in space (for this reason Russia which created 1,500 debris will not be persecuted in any way). As can be deduced, therefore, there are several grey areas within the Treaties for space and with the increase of commercialization, the boundaries between military and civil uses of space become less and less blurred.

The new working group will meet twice a year in both 2022 and 2023, as stated in the UN Resolution of November 2021. Although this pace of activity is very slow compared to the speed of the development of the commercial space, it is an important step in global space policy. Meanwhile, a space court will be created in Dubai in the near future.

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