Many use the words “psychopath” and “sociopath” without actually knowing the true terms of what they represent. Although the two concepts are similar, there are some remarkable distinctions between them.
“Psychopathic” and “sociopathic” are used to describe and sometimes differentiate the people who have been formally diagnosed with Personality Antisocial Disorder. DSM-5, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – the psychiatry Bible – defines personality disorder in general terms as “a lasting model of inner experience and behaviour that deviates considerably from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and in
Individuals with an antisocial personality disorder will often act in a highly selfish, reckless and irresponsible way; some of these signs emerge most of the time before the age of 15. Those with antisocial personality disorder are sometimes informally called “sociopaths.”
Psychopaths have a number of personality traits that overlap with sociopaths, such as aggression and lack of remorse, but tend to be more aggressive. If you imagine antisocial personality disorder as a spectre, psychopaths are at the extreme; this is because psychopathy can sometimes lead to violence, especially physical.
While sociopaths are known for their lack of remorse and offensive behavior, they may still be aware that they are doing something wrong, rationalising their behavior. People with psychopathic traits, on the other hand, have a considerable lack of guilt and empathy.